New technology decisive for long-term development

Learning how to make and to use tools humans succeeded in cultivation the earth and by that means to think long-term. Settlements became permanent, as long as the earth was not exhausted, and as long as the harvest didn’t fail. The fight for the good soil replaced former struggling for hunting ground…

… The landscape changed dramatically. For many years the settlements were located along the stretch of coast, or people moved after the prey. Better tools made it possible to clear the forest and to plough the earth. Technology and knowledge about cereals and methods of cultivation increased, and in the course of time settlements became permanent...

Paradigms

Paradigm is a broader concept than culture, covering a longer time frame, and can be defined as common assumptions in a given period...

Every cultural level in the figure represents a paradigm. What is useful as fundamental assumptions at one level, is not necessary useful at another level. Peoples way of tackling daily life has changed radically over time and is today much different from the first human beings, who earned their living by using bow and arrow or fishing tackle and fire...